The Mozambican capital tops the ranking of large African cities (over a million inhabitants) with the greatest potential for inclusive growth, according to the 2015 edition of the African cities growth index published on 2 December by the global giant of payment solutions MasterCard.
For this third edition of the African Cities Growth Index / ACGI MasterCard, 74 cities are classified into three categories according to their number of inhabitants: large (more than one million inhabitants), medium (between 500,000 and one million) and small (less than 500,000). The inclusive growth scores are further divided into four bands: high (more than 50 points), medium-high (40-49.99), medium-low (30 to 39.99) and low (0 to 29,99).
The classification is based on an evaluation model taking into account, among other things, the GDP per capita, access to electricity and water for the urban population, health, education, banking of citizens , the participation of foreign direct investment (FDI) in GDP or the growth of household spending.
Other indicators such as the quality of governance, the control of corruption, population growth, political stability, the absence of violence and the share of the middle class in the population as a whole are also taken into account.
In the category of large cities, Maputo, whose inclusive growth score is located in the upper middle bracket, owes its first place to the significant weight of FDI in GDP, the good business climate that prevails there and overall efficiency satisfactory institutions. The capital of Mozambique captured first place in Accra, which occupied the first step of the podium in 2013 and 2014 before falling to 7th place this year due to the economic difficulties facing Ghana.
In the same category, Casablanca ranks second thanks in particular to the relative stability enjoyed by Morocco in a region shaken by strong turbulence.
Lagos ranks third thanks to the strong growth of its middle class.
Then come, in order: Abidjan, Dar es Salaam, Abuja, Accra, Lusaka, Nairobi, Kumasi, Port Harcourt, Rabat, Fez, Cairo, Kinshasa, Alger Brazzaville, Kigali, Yamoussoukro, Ibadan, Addis Abeba, Pretoria, Lubumbashi, Dakar, Tripoli, Kano, Kampala, Johannesburg, Kaduna, Douala, Alexandria, Mombasa, Durban, Yaoundé, Freetown, Khartoum, Bamako, Lomé, Cape Town, Ouagadougou, Cotonou, N’djamena, Luanda, Niamey, Port Elizabeth, Huambo, Antananarivo, Harare and Conakry.
In the category of medium-sized cities
The Mozambican city of Matola is at the top of the game. The Mauritanian capital Nouakchott comes second, ahead of Libreville, Djibouti, Pointe-Noire, Tunis, Monrovia, Oran (Algeria), Kisangani (DR Congo), Maseru (Lesotho), Lilongwe (Malawi), Banjul (Gambia), Bujumbura ( Burundi), Bangui (Central African Republic) and Asmara (Eritrea).
In the category of small towns
Windhoek (capital of Namibia) occupies the first position. It is followed by Victoria (Seychelles), Gaborone (Botswana), São Tomé (São Tomé & Principe), Port-Louis (Mauritius), Praia (Cape Verde), Moroni (Comoros), Bissau (Guinea-Bissau), Mbabane (Swaziland) and Malabo (Equatorial Guinea).
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